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Canada - Land and Weather


Staff member
Canada is the second largest country in the world with a total land area of 9,984,670 square km. The longest distance north to south (on land) is 4,634 km, from the northern tip of Nunavut to the southern tip of Ontario. The longest distance east to west is 5,514 km from the eastern tip of Newfoundland and Labrador to the western tip of the Yukon Territory where it borders with Alaska.

Canada is made up of 10 provinces and three territories. It can be divided into five regional areas:
  1. The East, also called the Atlantic region, includes the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.
  2. The Central region includes the provinces of Quebec and Ontario.
  3. The Prairies includes Manitoba, Saskatchewan and some parts of Alberta.
  4. The West includes most of Alberta and British Columbia.
  5. The North is made up of the three territories—Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories.
Each province and territory has its own capital city where the provincial or territorial government is located.

The provinces & territories are listed below:
  1. Alberta (AB)
  2. British Columbia (BC)
  3. Manitoba (MB)
  4. New Brunswick (NB)
  5. Newfoundland and Labrador (NL)
  6. Northwest Territories (NT)
  7. Nova Scotia (NS)
  8. Nunavut (NU)
  9. Ontario (ON)
  10. Prince Edward Island (PE)
  11. Quebec (QC)
  12. Saskatchewan (SK)
  13. Yukon (YT)
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